TOEIC WORDS - B



back /bæ'k/ adj. behind; after; rear; hind

back /bæ'k/ adv. to the rear; to the past

back /bæ'k/ n. part of a chair; rear part of the human body

back /bæ'k/ v. to support; to assist; to strengthen

back door n. the U.S. treasury

back order n. ordered merchandise that is not currently in stock but will be supplied in the future

back up v. to support; to solidify; to strengthen

background /bæ'kgraund/ n. setting; biography

backlash /bæ'klæʃ/ n. rebound; recoiling; sudden movement to the rear

backup /bæ'kʌp/ n. copying of data for safety purposes; substitute; reserve; spare

badge /bæ'ʤ/ n. tag; sign; identification tag

baggage /bæ'giʤ/ n. luggage; cargo; things to take on a trip; equipment

balance /bæ'ləns/ n. the remainder

balance /bæ'ləns/ v. to make equal

bank /bæ'ŋk/ n. institution for saving and borrowing money; cashier

bank /bæ'ŋk/ v. to deposit money; in a money institution; to count on; to depend upon

bank draft n. check

banknote /bæ'ŋknòut/ n. bill; money made of paper

bankrupt /bæ'ŋkrʌpt/ adj. lacking; deficient; insolvent; unable to pay debts

bankrupt /bæ'ŋkrʌpt/ n. a person who was unable to repay their debts

bankrupt /bæ'ŋkrʌpt/ v. to ruin financially; to go bust; to go broke; to collapse

bankruptcy /bæ'ŋkrʌptsi/ n. state of losing property to one's creditor's due to unpaid debts; insolvency

banquet /bæ'ŋkwit/ n. celebration; feast; dinner; drinking

banquet /bæ'ŋkwit/ v. to hold a party; to feast; to dine; to drink

barbed wire n. metal cord with sharp projecting points

barely /béərli/ adv. hardly; scarcely

bargain /bɑ':rgən/ n. something offered or acquired at a price advantageous to the buyer

bargain /bɑ':rgən/ v. to negotiate; to arrive at an agreement

barometer /bərɑ'mətər/ n. commercial and market information that indicates overall economic trends

barren capital n. money which is not generating profit

barrier /bæ'riər/ n. border; limit; obstacle; barricade

barter /bɑ':rtər/ n. exchanging of goods and services; trade

barter /bɑ':rtər/ v. to exchange goods and services

base /béis/ adj. low; despicable; ignoble

base /béis/ n. foundation; principal element; fundamental part

base /béis/ v. to establish; to found; to set up; to place on

basic /béisik/ adj. serving as a starting point or basis

basis /béisis/ n. foundation; grounding

batter /bæ'tər/ n. a thick liquid mixture of two or more materials beaten together, to be used in cookery

be aware of v. to be conscious of; to be knowledgeable about

be exposed to v. to become aware of; to gain experience in

be in charge of v. to be in control or command of

be ready for v. to be prepared

bear /béər/ v. to have a tolerance for; to endure

bearer /bé(ə)rər/ n. person who holds a money order

bearer instrument n. a signed money order which is payable on demand to the holder

become /bikʌ'm/ v. to turn into; to develop into; to grow into

becoming /bikʌ'miŋ/ adj. appropriate; noble

beforehand /bifɔ':rhænd/ adv. early, in advance

behalf /bihæ'f/ n. representing; in support of

behavior /bihéivjər/ n. the manner of one's action

behind /biháind/ adv. late; tardy

behind /biháind/ n. rear; end; seat

behind /biháind/ prep. after; in back of

beige book n. report on current economic conditions, published by the Federal Reserve Board

belief /bilí:f/ n. opinion; creed; religion; faith; conviction

believe /bilí:v/ v. to have faith in; to assume; to suppose

below /bilóu/ adv. at a further point

below /bilóu/ prep. under; beneath; underneath

benchmark /bén(t)ʃmɑ:rk/ n. criterion; measure; point of reference for comparison

beneath /biní:θ/ adv. under; below

beneath /biní:θ/ prep. under; underneath

beneficent /bənéfəs(ə)nt/ adj. kind; good

beneficial /bènəfíʃəl/ adj. advantageous; pleasurable; enjoyable

beneficiary /bènəfíʃièri/ n. one who is lawfully entitled to the profits and proceeds of an estate or property

benefit /bénəfìt/ n. advantage; profit; aid; stipend

benefit /bénəfìt/ v. to profit; to gain; to be advantageous

benefits /bénifits/ n. the advantages provided to an employee in addition to salary

benefits /bénifits/ v. to take advantage of

benevolent /bənévələnt/ adj. loving others and actively desirous of their well-being

between /bitwí:n/ adv. amid; in the middle

between /bitwí:n/ prep. intermediate to; common; shared

beverage /bév(ə)riʤ/ n. drink; refreshment

bewilder /biwíldər/ v. to confuse the perceptions or judgment of

beyond /biɑ'nd/ adv. past; further than

beyond /biɑ'nd/ prep. further; more distant

bias /báiəs/ n. prejudice; tendency; leaning

bias /báiəs/ v. to prejudice; to influence opinions

bibliography /bìbliɑ'grəfi/ n. a list of the words of an author, or the literature bearing on a particular subject

bilateral /bailæ'tərəl / adj. two-sided.

bill /bíl/ n. banknote; invoice; proposed law

bill /bíl/ v. to charge; to announce; to advertise

biography /baiɑ'grəfi/ n. a written account of one's life, actions, and character

biology /baiɑ'ləʤi/ n. the science of life or living organisms

birth rate n. number of babies that are born per year per thousand

birthright /bə':rθrait/ n. a privilege or possession into which one is born

blame /bléim/ n. guilt; responsibility; liability

blame /bléim/ v. to accuse; to denounce

blanket /blæ'ŋkit/ adj. comprehensive; inclusive

blanket /blæ'ŋkit/ n. bed covering; quilt

blanket /blæ'ŋkit/ v. to cover; to coat

blaze /bléiz/ n. a vivid glowing flame

blue sky laws n. rules introduced by the government to regulate the trade of securities and mutual funds

blunder /blʌ'ndər/ n. gross error; stupid mistake

blunder /blʌ'ndər/ v. to make a stupid mistake; to move back and forth in a clumsy manner

board /bɔ':rd/ n. management committee; food

board /bɔ':rd/ v. to accommodate; to house; to enter (a plane, ship, bus, etc.)

bodily /bɑ'dli/ adj. corporeal

boiler room n. a fraud scheme involving cold calling

bombard /bɑmbɑ':rd/ v. to assail with any missile or with abusive speech